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  • Writer's pictureKari Bastyr, MS, CDBC, VSPDT

It’s So Gross! Why Do Dogs Eat Poop?! Tips for Eliminating Coprophagia

In August, I adopted a little brindle puppy from a local rescue, and her name is Turtle.  She is in training to be a gluten-detection service dog, and has a wonderful temperament. Like all dogs, she is well-behaved 98% of her life, with the exception of one thing: She eats poop. And she LOVES it. In veterinary behavior terms, poop eating is called ‘coprophagia’ and it’s very common. I also have a 10-year old Labrador, Paisley, who went through the same phase when she was a puppy.


I think Turtle’s habit started early this fall when she realized how yummy rabbit poop is. She would hunt for it in the grass every time we went in the yard and act like every piece was an entire plate of nachos. Maybe she thought the grass was one big snuffle mat, and rabbit feces was her treat. She became obsessed. And in fact, I think rabbit poop was her gateway drug to bigger and better poops, because soon she started eating Paisley’s poopsicles once the Minnesota winter hit. I was so repulsed and frustrated, and I became one of my own clients on a quest to figure out how to stop her.


First, I wanted to determine why she was doing it, and then work on how to stop her. Most behavior problems are a symptom of underlying issues, and coprophagia is one of them. I am not interested in a ‘quick fix’, as I want long term results.

This was my list of potential causes:

  • She’s a puppy and puppies eat a lot of things they aren’t supposed to

  • She thinks she’s starving, or isn’t getting enough to satiate her, or is missing nutrients in her diet

  • She’s anxious

  • She’s bored

It’s a fact that poop-eating is a normal behavior for dogs, albeit nauseating. Mama dogs do it when the puppies are neonates to keep the den clean.  Female dogs are more likely to eat poop because of this, and Turtle is indeed a girl.

Management:

  • I started going out with her on a long line so I could recall her quickly and pull her in if need be.

  • She always gets cheese or Ziwi Peak immediately when she comes inside.

  • I let my dogs out separately so she doesn’t have access to Paisley’s poop.

  • I try very hard to pick up all the poop right away.


Anxiety:

Coprophagia is considered a ‘pica’ behavior, which means ‘eating inedible things’. It can be attributed to anxiety, stress, and/or obsessive compulsive disorder.


Because Turtle had to be on 10 days of anti-biotics for a bladder infection at 10 weeks old, I added a strong probiotic to boost her good gut bacteria and neurotransmitters. Anti-biotics kill off the good bacteria, so it’s important to build those back up and it takes time. Plus, anxiety starts in the gut! I added wild-caught krill oil to decrease inflammation in her digestive tract. I feed all of her meals out of several puzzle toys to make her tired. Her breakfast is in a West Paw Toppl. Her snack is in a Fun Feeder (frozen). Her dinner is in the Toppl, and her second dinner is in a PetDreamouse Paw that I freeze.  She also gets Ziwi Peak and Happy Howie’s for treats. I started her on 200mgs of L-Theanine twice a day. Because anxiety is a sign of Leaky Gut Syndrome (dysbiosis), I completed the Leaky Gut Protocol for her.


Diet:

  • I feed both of my dogs a combination of Steve’s Real Food, dehydrated raw, and veggies.

  • I let her eat as many veggies as she wants. I started with root vegetables, and then added squash, cucumbers, and green beans. She also gets blueberries, apples, canned pumpkin, and sauerkraut. Fermented veggies are phenomenal for the gut.

  • I feed her more often. She gets breakfast, a snack, dinner, and then a second dinner.  So far, she has not gained weight, but I am keeping on eye on that.

  • In case she is attracted to eating ‘warm’ food (fresh poop is warm) I started heating up her food for 20 seconds.

  • There is anecdotal evidence that the enzyme bromelain (papain) can work to make the taste of poop less appetizing. I haven’t tried it with Turtle yet, but it is available for purchase on Amazon.

Alternative Behaviors:

I work tirelessly to continuously train a solid ‘Leave It’ and ‘Watch Me’… which is still a work in progress. I started a ‘Whistle Recall’ program… that, too, is still in progress but she really loves food and the sound of the whistle, so it’s working well. I focus on working with her more during the day, both on basic commands and her service dog training. I want to tire her out mentally so she is too tired to go out and eat poop.


This comprehensive treatment plan I dubbed “Operation Turdle”, has been a complete success so far. But I am going to continue everything in the program for another few months so Turtle’s poop-eating doesn’t return this spring.

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